lose

lose [lo͞oz]
vt.
lost, losing [ME losen, lesen, merging OE losian, to lose, be lost (< los, LOSS) + leosan, to lose, akin to OHG (vir)liosan, Goth (fra)liusan < IE base * leu-, to cut off, separate > Gr lyein, to dissolve; L luere, to loose, release (from debt)]
1.
a) to bring to ruin or destruction [a ship lost in the storm]
b) Theol. to incur the damnation of [to lose one's soul]
2. to become unable to find; mislay [to lose one's keys]
3.
a) to have taken from one by negligence, accident, death, removal, separation, etc.; suffer the loss of; be deprived of
b) to suffer the miscarriage or stillbirth of (a baby)
4. to get rid of (something undesirable) [to lose unwanted weight]
5. to fail to keep or maintain [to lose one's temper, to lose speed]
6.
a) to fail to see, hear, or understand [she did not lose a word of his speech]
b) to fail to keep in sight, mind, or existence
7. to fail to have, get, take advantage of, etc.; miss [to lose one's chance]
8. to fail to win or gain [to lose a game]
9. to cause the loss of [it lost him his job]
10. to cause to go astray, become bewildered, etc.
11. to wander from and not be able to find (one's way, the right track, etc.)
12. to fail or be unable to make proper use of; waste [to lose time]
13. to leave behind; outdistance
14. to engross or preoccupy: usually in the passive [to be lost in reverie]
15. to go slower by [a watch that loses two minutes a day]
vi.
1. to undergo or suffer loss
2. to be defeated in a contest, etc.
3. to be slow: said of a clock, etc.
——————
lose it Informal
1. to fail to maintain one's composure, as by an outburst of anger, laughter, etc.
2. to suffer temporary or permanent diminution of one's ability, skill, etc. [the pitcher lost it in the sixth inning]
——————
lose oneself
1. to lose one's way; go astray; become bewildered
2. to become absorbed
3. to disappear from view or notice
——————
☆ lose out
Informal to fail; be unsuccessful
——————
☆ lose out on
Informal to fail to win, gain, or take advantage of
losable
adj.

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • lose — W1S1 [lu:z] v past tense and past participle lost [lɔst US lo:st] ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(stop having attitude/quality etc)¦ 2¦(not win)¦ 3¦(cannot find something)¦ 4¦(stop having something)¦ 5¦(death)¦ 6¦(money)¦ 7 have nothing to lose 8¦(time)¦ …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • lose — [ luz ] (past tense and past participle lost [ lɔst ] ) verb *** ▸ 1 stop having something ▸ 2 be unable to find ▸ 3 not win ▸ 4 have less than before ▸ 5 when someone dies ▸ 6 no longer see/hear etc. ▸ 7 not have body part ▸ 8 stop having… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • lose — [luːz] verb lost PTandPP [lɒst ǁ lɒːst] losing PRESPART [transitive] 1. to stop having something any more, or to have less of it: • The industry has lost 60,000 jobs. • After a boardroom battle, Dixon lost control of the company …   Financial and business terms

  • Lose — (l[=oo]z), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Lost} (l[o^]st; 115) p. pr. & vb. n. {Losing} (l[=oo]z [i^]ng).] [OE. losien to loose, be lost, lose, AS. losian to become loose; akin to OE. leosen to lose, p. p. loren, lorn, AS. le[ o]san, p. p. loren (in comp.) …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lose — ► VERB (past and past part. lost) 1) be deprived of or cease to have or retain. 2) become unable to find. 3) fail to win. 4) earn less (money) than one is spending. 5) waste or fail to take advantage of. 6) ( …   English terms dictionary

  • Lose — Lose, r, ste, adj. et adv. welches die Bedeutungen der Wörter los, leicht und liederlich in sich zu vereinigen scheinet. Es bedeutet, 1. In mehr eigentlichem Verstande. 1) * Nicht die gehörige Festigkeit habend, in welcher aber los ohne e… …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • lose — (v.) O.E. losian be lost, perish, from los destruction, loss, from P.Gmc. *lausa (Cf. O.N. los the breaking up of an army; O.E. forleosan to lose, O.Fris. forliasa, O.S. farliosan, M.Du. verliesen, O.H.G. firliosan, Ger. verlieren …   Etymology dictionary

  • lose — lüz vt, lost lȯst; los·ing 1) to become deprived of or lacking in <lose consciousness> <lost her sense of smell> also to part with in an unforeseen or accidental manner <lose a leg in an auto crash> 2 a) to suffer deprivation… …   Medical dictionary

  • loše — lȍše pril. <komp. gȍrē> DEFINICIJA slabo, krivo, zlo, nevaljalo, pokvareno [loše mi ide; nije loše u dijaloškoj situaciji kao odgovor: vrlo dobro, odlično, bolje od očekivanoga; loše postupati; stvari stoje loše] ETIMOLOGIJA vidi loš …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • lose — [v1] be deprived of; mislay be careless, become poorer, be impoverished, bereave, be reduced, capitulate, consume, default, deplete, disinherit, displace, dispossess, dissipate, divest, drain, drop, exhaust, expend, fail, fail to keep, fall short …   New thesaurus

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